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Girl Talk: Uterine Fibroids

As many as 3 out of 4 women will develop uterine fibroids in their lifetime, so it is one of the most common gynecologic conditions seen in our practice.{} Fortunately, uterine fibroids, or leiomyomas, are noncancerous masses of muscle which develop from the uterine muscle cells.{} Although fibroids are often called tumors, they are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and rarely develop into cancer.

Doctors are not sure what causes fibroids, but the following are considered possible factors:

  • Genetic changesmany fibroids contain changes in genes that differ from those in normal uterine muscle cells.
  • HormonesEstrogen and Progesterone, two ovarian hormones that stimulate development of the uterine lining during each menstrual cycle, appear to promote the growth of fibroids.
  • Other growth factorssubstances that help the body maintain tissues, such as insulin-like growth factor, may affect fibroid growth.

Want to learn more about uterine fibroids? Click here.

Dr. Evangeline Ramos-Gonzalez
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